Pyramid of the Moon is the second largest pyramid in the ancient city of Teotihuacan in Mexico after the Pyramid of the Sun. The pyramid is located in the western part of the town of Teotihuacan and mimics the contours of the mountain Cerro Gardo located north of the site.
The pyramid is also known as Tenan which means ‘protective stone’ in the Nauhatl language and rises to about one hundred and forty feet with a base area of about 426 by 511 feet. The construction of the pyramid was completed to give bilateral symmetry to the temple complex.
The slope in front of the staircase gives access to the Avenue of the Dead while in the platform atop the pyramid, ceremonies were conducted in honor of the Great Goddess of Teotihuacan, the goddess of earth, fertility, water and creation. Opposite to the altar of the Great Goddess is the Plaza of the Moon, a communal and ceremonial gathering place.
There is a central altar and original construction of four rectangular and diagonal bodies forming the Teotihuacan Cross. The pyramid is an essential aspect of ancient Mesoamerican culture and draws tourists and local visitors who want to appreciate the rich history of the place and gauge at the enormous size of the pyramid.