Reserva de la Biósfera Calakmul is a biosphere reserve located in the base of the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico. The reserve covers 7231 square kilometers and includes the sub perennial jungles of Mexico. One of the largest protected areas of the state, the reserve covers fifteen percent of the total state territory in Mexico.
The reserve is home to a significant pre-Columbian Mayan civilization that flourished in the area and the archaeological site of Calakmul is located in the region. The flora of the area includes ceibas, mahogany, figs while the fauna includes jaguars, monkeys and parrots.
The site is designated by the UNESCO as a protected area and sees increasing tourism activity in the region and there are also proposals for a tourism destination called Maya World in the area. The site provides an intensive ecological experience and construction of hotels continue in some of the areas where tourists visit.
There is also a museum of geological, archaeological and natural history exhibits while there are also the Mayan ruins and tallest known pyramid in the Yucatan area. The ruins are surrounded by rainforest, cedar, mahogany and rubber trees besides the presence of turkeys, parrots, toucans and about 350 bird species besides some well preserved murals in the jungles.