Reserva de la Biosfera Maya is a biosphere reserve in southern Mexico known as the largest areas of tropical forest north of the Amazon river. The reserve is recognized by the UNESCO and consists of national parks and wildlife reserves, forests and Savannah’s, fields of pine besides caves and rocky habitats.
There are lakes and lagoons, rivers and wetlands and mangrove forests besides harvesting of palm, gums, spice and timber. Lot of locals and international tourists visit this area and reserve which is considerably larger than the Yellowstone National Park in the United States.
There is a large number of species of fauna like the jaguars, puma, monkeys and flora like the mahogany, ceiba and cedar. The reserve was created to protect the largest area of tropical rainforest in the Central Americas and there is also a large concentration of ancient Maya cities, many under excavation. The cradle of Maya civilization, the reserve also receives environmental threats like logging, farming and ranching.
The reserve was created to protect the biodiversity of the region and prohibit human settlements in the area. The reserve is meant to protect not just the natural environment and the flora and fauna but is also meant to attract tourists and nature lovers in this part of the country.